Terry Doyle, author of The New Science of Learning: How to Learn in Harmony with Your Brain, encourages teachers to think about the conversations we have with students related to student reading.
For example, when asking students to read for homework, do we ask them to simply “read the chapter”? Or do we discuss reading strategies that can help make reading a more active process?
Mr. Doyle emphasizes practices such as questioning and annotation. Questioning involves students writing questions about the headlines they see in the passage, before they read the passage.
One way to facilitate this kind of active reading is for us to consider our textbook’s Table of Contents, assuming we rely on our text for a substantial portion of our teaching.
Here are some steps the CFC identified to help create a formative assignment related to reading and comprehension:
- Search Google for your textbook’s table of contents.
- If you are able to find them on the web, copy and paste them into a Word document.
- Create smaller Word documents from the large document, such as a separate document for each chapter you’ll ask them to read.
- Post the documents to Blackboard:
a) as a discussion board prompt. Ask them to discuss the topics you post. What do they know about the topic, if anything? Where/how did they learn it? (Then assign the reading).
b) as a Blackboard assignment. If you want the reading to count for a more significant portion of their grade, a more substantial activity/assignment could be developed.
You might have seen this kind of practice in a textbook you use or have used before. Have you ever seen a short set of discussion questions in the opening pages of a chapter? They might have been written as reflective questions or questions intended to stimulate prior knowledge.
Creating minor, formative assignments centered around reading supports several principles for improving student learning, namely activating prior knowledge, and an opportunity to clarify prior misconceptions that students hold, which can be a barrier to them applying what they’ve learned in later stages of the course.
The stepsheet Encourage Active Reading can walk you through the process for a course you teach.